As far as medical science has advanced over the years, it still has not figured out a cure for the malady of asthma. However, asthma doctors and other medical health professional have developed several different types and forms of treatment which have the capability of stemming the tide of a sufferer’s attacks and exacerbations of his or her symptoms in order to provide at least some relief.
The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) lists five crucial areas an asthma medicine should be expected to do in order to effectively treat the symptoms of the disease. These are to control asthma, to prevent asthma symptoms, to enable the asthma sufferer to perform what are considered to be normal activities without incurring symptoms, decrease the number of asthma attacks and help the asthma sufferer use quick-relief medicines less frequently.
The two main types of drug treatments asthma doctors use in order to provide one’s lungs with long-term control or quick relief of symptoms are bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory medications:
- Bronchodilators offer rapid relief, freeing up the air passageways to allow for more air to flow to and from the person’s lungs. Bronchodilators are asthma medications made to relieve many of the asthma sufferer’s symptoms by allowing the muscle bands in the lungs that tighten around the person’s air passageways during an asthma attack to relax. Typically breathing will improve almost instantly for the patient. Similar to the anti-inflammatory medications, bronchodilators reduce mucus in the lungs.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs are the most vital kind of asthma therapy for people suffering from the disease. With these medications, the asthma patient is able to attack asthma attacks on an on-going basis. Another important medication comes in the form of a steroid called corticosteroids. These anti-inflammatory drugs provide the lungs relief by reducing mucus production and swelling in the air passageways.
Most doctors and health care professionals will agree that the most effective and easiest treatment for a person’s asthma is to take control of the disease. This can be done in many ways, such as by researching everything available about it and initiating lifestyle changes and changes around the house which can significantly impact the frequency and severity of one’s asthma symptoms and attacks.
Some of the non-medicinal ways in which one can get a handle on the symptoms of asthma are avoiding asthma triggers like pet dander and dust mites and monitoring asthma symptoms by way of a daily diary.
The proper asthma medication will play a key role in the attainment of good control over one’s asthma. As a chronic (lifelong) disease that combines inflammation of the air passageways with reoccurring episodes of mucus production, decreased airflow, and coughing. Asthma sufferers can enjoy a fulfilling and active life with a minimum of attacks, provided they are prescribed the correct medication.
An unfortunate, and sometimes frustrating aspect of the disease of asthma is that many of the symptoms thought to be long gone after childhood can return. This unwelcome reigniting of asthma signs and symptoms is typically a result of the person’s exposure to some of the original triggers of the disease. Respiratory irritants such as tobacco smoke, wood smoke, strong chemical odors, long-term exposure to toxic fumes and allergens like pollen and dust can bring about the asthma symptoms thought to be gone forever.